عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Smuggling is a part of the informal economy that is not recorded in official statistics and damages countries' economic information systems. This paper having approach of resistance economy, first presents the causes and consequences of of smuggling based on a conceptual model and then deals with its most important issues based on qualitative method of Grounded Theory. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors caused and exacerbated the smuggling of commodity and to study their effects and offer suggestions for fighting against smuggling in line with the realization of a resilience economy and pay much attention to its three major areas,i.e: economic policies, national production and unemplyment.This paper is a descriptive exploratory study with its population consisting of university professors and experts working in the Headquarters for Figting against Commodity&Foreign Exchange Smuggling. For qualitative reviews, 10 persons were fully interviewed and 5 questions were asked from each one. The results shows that theTen-years horizon of the Headquater is moving in line with the resilience economy, but the Headquater must modify its approach and move towards knowledge and technology management; therefore, more attention must be paid to qualitative studies, especially in the social and cultural contexts of this phenomenon.