عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Smuggling of goods and currency on the one hand threatens the economy and national security. Because, the perpetrators do not provide services to society and have no share in the production and creation of legal employment. On the other hand, the globalization of smuggling of goods and currency and its organized and transnational aspect is a serious threat to the international community. This caused the countries of the world to adopt an appropriate legislative criminal policy in dealing with this economic anomaly based on the approach of crime globalization, and the Iranian legislature also included the criminalization of this crime in its legislative policy. In the present study, the developments of Iran's legislative criminal policy in the field of criminalization of smuggling of goods and currency have been investigated.
Research Method: The present study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of writing style. The required information was collected through library study and reference to academic and electronic resources. Data analysis was performed in a qualitative manner and based on rational reasoning and inference of codified rules and regulations.
Findings and Results: Numerous legislative criminal policies have been carried out by the Iranian legislature from 1312 to 1392, each of which has criminalized the smuggling of goods and currency. Anti-Trafficking in Goods and Foreign Exchange Law (2013) Due to the globalization of the crime of smuggling of goods and foreign exchange, it has criminalized more measures than the previous laws and is penal. The impossibility of suspending and reducing the fine stipulated in this law can be considered as a proof of this legislative approach.